RTD focus of organization
The principle activities of the Institute of Physics are oriented towards scientific research and education.
Description of RTD activities
Research activities involve the following: development of the integral monitoring of trace metals and radionuclides in urban air; determination of trace metals (Cd, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn, As, Cr, Ni) contents and natural and man made radionuclides (Be-7, Cs-137, Pb-210) in suspended particles PM10 and PM2.5, and in higher-plant leaves; physical characterization of particles i.e. determination of size, shape and size distribution. Special attention will be focused to first priority metals with highly toxic effects such as Pb whose predominant source in our country is still from road traffic (leaded gasoline in use) leading to wide dispersal in city air. Accompanying continuous measurements of NOx, SO2 and O3 will be performed related to the influence of gaseous species to aerosol formation. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) will be measured on-line by Proton Transfer Mass Spectrometer. Three representative sampling points are chosen in Belgrade with following sampling schedule: daily air samples for PM10 and PM2.5 particles, and collecting of representative plant samples (leaves) at the beginning and the end of vegetation period. Analysis of the trace metals content have been done by atomic absorption spectrometry and a MiniPal energy dispersive
x-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) spectrometer in clean room class 100. Physical characterization of particles has been done by electronic microscope (SEM/ EDX) with determination of elemental composition and automatic image analyzing system. The activity of the natural and man made radionuclides have been measured on the HPGe detector by standard gamma spectroscopy.
For the first time active biomonitoring method with moss bags will be used to estimate the deposition of heavy metals and radionuclides in the urban air.
Experiences in international Programmes
Balkan Environmental Agency (B.EN.A), Thessaloniki,
The Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development, FP6-2002-INCO-WBC/SSA-3, REINFORCING EXPERIMENTAL CENTER FOR NONEQUILIBRIUM STUDIES WITH APPLICATION IN NANO-TECHNOLOGIES, ETCHING OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH
Organisation is/was involved in projects funded by the following RTD programmes
Inserted / Updated
2005-11-01 / 2010-01-21